1 دانشیار جغرافیای سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیای سیاسی و مدرس دانشگاه جامع علمی کاربردی علوم پزشکی شیراز
عنوان مقاله [English]
Today regional integration has become the main source of concern for governments. In the era of globalization different parts of the world have formed regional groupings. Realizing their geopolitical, geostrategic and geo-economic status, these regions have regional structures with various degrees of regionalism. Geopolitical region of the Caucasus is considered as one of the geopolitical regions that has developed rivalry between the Greatpowers, i.e the United States and Russia. To secure their benefits and maintain their presence in this region, these powers resort to any possible means. Encountered with some territorial and borderline challenges as well as issues related to autonomy, countries of this region seek to achieve a regional grouping in the form of GUAM Regional Organization. With the aim of establishing joint forces that could prevent and resolve regional problems, GUAM Regional Organization was set up in 1997 by Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova.
Regionalism, Globalization, South Caucasus, GUAM, Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Moldova, Uzbekistan