عنوان مقاله [English]
Caspian Sea with the surface of 371,000 square Kilometers as the largest lake of the world has the most precious reserves of fishes and provides 80./. of world's caviar. Caspian Sea is undergoing a special ecologic situation in less than 12-14 years, the number of matured fishes and caviar production will become zero. The convention for Caspian Sea environment (Tehran Convention), with the purpose of protecting this lake from pollution and reviving it's environment, under observation and with participation of the United Nation Environment Program (UNEP) and in the charter of the Caspian Sea Environment Program, after 8 years negotiating, has been signed on November 2003. The main question of this article is: "What is the role of the convention in improvement of the situation of living reserves of the lake?" The author is trying to study the ecological situation of the Caspian Sea and the effect that this convention can have on the situation of these resources.
Keywords: Caspian Sea, Caviar fish, Caviar, Tehran Convention, Caspian Environment Program.