عنوان مقاله [English]
The fall of the Soviet Union caused a vacancy of hegemony between current powers in the former territory of the empire and in the whole of Europe. This also caused many wars. Events such as the collapse of Yugoslavia and Karabakh war affected by this fall and led to concerns in international society. Karabakh war between Armenia and Azerbaijan was initiated while the Soviet government was stable and it reached a peak after falling of the government. This war led to OSCE to draw this conflict. Thus, the main concern of the authors is response to this question that what factors made OSEC unable to be successful in solving the conflict. Accordingly, the hypothesis is that: "shifting the competition of superpowers from United Nations to Security Council has caused the poor performance of OSCE on Karabakh crisis. In this paper by using the descriptive – analytical method we examine this issue based on the theory of collective security. Results of the study show that the OSCE has failed to reach its purpose and to end the conflict after 20 years. This failure led to continuity of "no war, no peace" situation in Karabakh.
http://www.initiativeforpeacebuilding.eu/pdf/Nagorno_Karabakh_conflict_mediation_efforts.pdf. (Accessed on: 14/05/2009).