عنوان مقاله [English]
Karabakh Events in 1988 led to the destruction of towns and villages and killing and displacing hundreds of Azerbaijanis from their native land. On 25 and 26 February 1992, following artillery bombardment of Khojaly, the town was captured by Armenian forces and Armenia launched a military operation in Karabakh. The main question is that, whether, according to the records, the deliberate destruction of those who were in Khojaly city, was done because of their nationality and ethnicity? Also, if according to international law, can we term this incident as “genocide”? If so, whether a court has jurisdiction to prosecute the perpetrators of this crime? Furthermore what will be the responsibility of the state of Armenia on this issue? This massacre is one of the international crimes for which no international criminal court has been formed to investigation about until now. This paper examines the Khojaly event from the perspective of international criminal law as an international crime, condemned by various international organizations and countries and it endeavors to examine the legal aspects of this event. Thus, after describing the events and the reaction of countries and organizations to it, legal characteristics of that as an international crime according to international documents and laws to specify the applicable punishments and international responsibility of Armenia government.
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