نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه تهران
2 کارشناس ارشد علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد علوم سیاسی دانشگاه آزاد واحد اصفهان
عنوان مقاله [English]
After the collapse of Soviet Union, America, which saw itself unrivaled in the world, wanted to play an active and effective role in the independence of countries from the Soviet Union and their willingness, particularly the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the West- especially the US. This made it easier for to penetrate in the region. American foreign policy elites thought that the withdrawal of the Soviet Union and the dissociation of the bipolar system, for the first time it would be able to have political presence in the new independent states to the borders of China and get other successes with this political presence. Among the countries in the Caucasus region, America's presence in Republic of Azerbaijan had a negative impact on Iran's relations with this country in some areas such as energy transfer, determination of the legal regime of the Caspian Sea, and security issues. This paper attempts to examine Iran's interests in the Caucasus (Study case of Republic of Azerbaijan) and determine the reasons of Iran failure as one of the main neighbors. This paper analyzes this presence based on the conflicts between Iran and America.