سیاست خارجی توسعه‌گرای ترکیه در دورۀ حزب عدالت و توسعه: مورد قفقاز

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مطالعات منطقه‌ای، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

 منطقۀ قفقاز از زمان فروپاشی اتحاد شوروی تاکنون برای ترکیه اهمیت زیادی داشته است. منابع طبیعی سرشار منطقه، موقعیت جغرافیایی مهم آن در چهارراه مناطق غنی از نفت و گاز جهان، بی‌ثباتی سیاسی و تهدیدهای امنیتی دائمی، شماری از دلایل جایگاه حساس قفقاز هستند. از سوی دیگر، دگرگونی‌های اساسی و ساختاری در داخل ترکیه با نقش‌آفرینی دولت به تقویت بنیان‌های تولیدی و صنعتی انجامیده و نتیجة توسعۀ اقتصادی در سیاست خارجی این کشور بازتاب یافته است. هرچند، عوامل گوناگونی سیاست خارجی ترکیه را شکل داده‌اند، اما با به‌قدرت رسیدن حزب عدالت و توسعه از سال 2002، با توجه به گرایش‌های اسلامی آن، باید پرسید که چه عواملی در سیاست خارجی ترکیه تعیین‌کننده هستند؟ در پاسخ به این پرسش، این نوشتار نشان می‌دهد که با وجود گرایش‌های اسلام‌گرایانۀ حزب، هدف‌ها و ملاحظات توسعه‌ای همچنان اولویت نخست سیاست خارجی ترکیه هستند و سیاست خارجی این کشور در منطقۀ قفقاز که منابع انرژی و بازار گسترده‌ای برای صنایع رو به رشد ترکیه و کسب و کارهای کوچک و متوسط منطقۀ آناتولی و نیز اهمیت زیادی در کریدور انتقال انرژی از شرق به غرب دارد، توسعه‌گرایانه است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Turkey’s Developmental Foreign Policy during the AKP Period: The Caucasian Case

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahmad Movassaghi 1
  • Shiva Alizadeh 2
1 Associate Professor, Political Science Deprtment, University of Tehran
2 PhD Student of Regional Studies, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Caucasus has been an important region for Turkey since the collapse of the Soviet Union. This importance emanates from the region’s own natural resources, its position at the crossroads of the oil and gas rich regions of the world and chronic political instability and security threats. Turkey as the key neighbour of the Caucasus has experienced state – led fundamental and structural changes which have culminated in strengthening productive and industrial foundations. Foreign policy has also been affected by the process of economic development. Although Turkish foreign policy has been shaped by different factors, AKP’s Islamic trends, leads us to investigate the main determinants of Turkish foreign policy since 2002. We have come to this conclusion: Despite AKP’s Islamic trends, developmental goals and concerns are still the first priority of Turkish foreign policy and Turkey’s attitude towards the Caucasus region, which is located along one of the most important energy transit corridors of the world and provides Turkey’s increasingly growing industries and Anatoli’s SMEs with vast energy resources and a relatively lucrative market.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • AKP
  • Strategic Depth
  • Developmental Foreign Policy
  • Caucasus
  • Turkey
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کاستلز، مانوئل (1380)، عصر اطلاعات: اقتصاد، جامعه و فرهنگ، ترجمۀ احمد علیقلیان، افشین خاکباز و حسن چاوشیان، جلد سوم، تهران: طرح نو.
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