عنوان مقاله [English]
Kazakhstan was the last Soviet republic to declare independence. But after the Soviet collapse, the country seeks to rebuild its national identity and make economic reforms. Changing political and economic structures in these countries due to its high dependence on Moscow was not easy. In the early years of independence due to the Asian financial crisis the country was faced with severe economic reforms, but the government has aggressively pursued these programs. Banking reform, tax reform, privatization, development, and current efforts to attract foreign investment was economic plan of Kazakhstan. In 2001, Western countries introduced Kazakhstan as a successful example of the transition to a market economy and this suggests the success of economic development. This research is trying to answer whether these reforms have had an impact on improvement of human development indicators and led to the expansion of civil society in these countries. What is certain is that this country suffers from corruption and political structures to concentrate power in the hands of a few. However, entering a range of trade and international economics has effects on the behavior of its officials in some cases and has led to the human development indicators.