عنوان مقاله [English]
In the fall of 1930, the Iranian police divulged an extensive network of Soviet spies in Iran. The dimension of the intelligence network was increased to the extent that caused considerable consternation among Iran’s cabinet. Most of the members of this network were consisted of ministries personnel such as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Post and War and other government departments. Even prominent people like Teymūrtāsh were charged with membership in the Intelligence network. The relations between the two countries bore a brunt due to the discovery of this organization. The Iranian government considered this behavior hostile, and until the end of the Reza Shah era, the Iranian government always looked suspiciously to his northern neighbor. The main player of this organization was the Agabekov from Turkestan in Soviet Union, who had previously played an important role in the Basmachi movement in the Central Asia. He finally put an end to the struggles by eliminating Enver Pasha. Agabekov’s rank was promoted in favor of this success and was deployed to Afghanistan. The result of this study is that the Soviet main objective of espionage in Iran was to hurt British interests in Iran, Iraq, and India. But the aftermath of the Intelligence Operation divulgence was sumptuous for the Soviet and the Iranian government. The present paper uses the method of historical research and explanatory method-analysis to analyze the presence of Agabekov in Iran, his espionage operation, the divulgence of the Soviet Intelligence network in Iran and its impact upon the history of relations between the two countries.