نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار علوم سیاسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
2 کارشناس ارشد علوم سیاسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
عنوان مقاله [English]
The Taliban emerged in 1994 as one of the important phenomena in contemporary political history of Afghanistan, south western Asia, Middle East and Islamic world. Taliban initially demanded the unity of the country and elimination of local authoritarian rulers and rogue groups to provide stability in Afghanistan. But after the initial successes, they declared their goals as a Shari'a -based system. In a short time they were able to take over most of Afghanistan and to create the Islamic Emirate in Kabul. After gaining power, they put into effect a series of extreme laws that have not ever performed in other Islamic countries such as Saudi Arabia. Researchers who examine the impact of foreign factors upon Taliban have focused on the role of the foreign governments. From the external factors, the impact of ideas and the role of the Pakistani fundamentalist groups are much more important than the role of foreign governments. This paper has investigated the influence of Jamiat-ul-Ulama –i-Islam in Pakistan and its religious schools and education on the formation of ideas, positions, and actions of the Taliban in Afghanistan.