نقش قزاقستان در گسترش روابط ایران و چین در آسیای مرکزی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه روابط بین‌الملل، دانشگاه اصفهان

2 دانشجوی دکتری روابط بین‌الملل، دانشگاه گیلان

چکیده

در یک دهۀ گذشته آسیای مرکزی بیشتر مورد توجه قدرت‌های بزرگ جهانی و منطقه‌ای بوده است. منافع و اقدامات این بازیگران بین‌المللی به شکل‌گیری فضای رقابتی در منطقه منجر شده است که از آن با عنوان بازی بزرگ جدید یاد می‌شود. این فضای رقابتی ناشی از عملکرد پویایی‌های درونی و بیرونی منطقۀ آسیای مرکزی است. قزاقستان از کشورهایی است که توانسته از راه به‌کارگیری نگرشی متعادل منافع زیادی را از این فضای رقابتی به‌دست ‌آورد. با توجه به اهمیت قزاقستان در آسیای مرکزی، نقش‌آفرینی بیشتر سایر بازیگران مستلزم همکاری با این کشور است. هدف این نوشتار واکاوی مهم‌ترین ویژگی‌های سیاست خارجی قزاقستان و بسترهایی است که این سیاست خارجی می‌تواند برای همکاری بیشتر دو کشور ایران و چین در آسیای مرکزی فراهم کند. پرسش نوشتار این است که ویژگی‌های اصلی سیاست خارجی قزاقستان چیست؟ و این ویژگی‌ها در چه زمینه‌هایی می‌تواند بر گسترش روابط ایران و چین در آسیای مرکزی تأثیر داشته باشد؟ یافته‌های نوشتار نشان می‌دهد که سه ویژگی، واقع‌گرایی، غیر ایدئولوژیک‌بودن و اولویت فعالیت‌های اقتصادی مهم‌ترین شاخص سیاست خارجی این کشور از زمان استقلال در منطقۀ آسیای مرکزی بوده است. سه ویژگی که بنابر با اولویت‌های سیاست خارجی ایران و چین در آسیای مرکزی است. با توجه به این موضوع، امنیت، منابع انرژی و حمل‌ونقل سه مؤلفه‌ای است که قزاقستان می‌تواند بسترساز همکاری ایران با چین در آسیای مرکزی باشد. روش نوشتار توصیفی – تحلیلی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Kazakhstan’s Role in the Development of Relations between Iran and China in Central Asia

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saeid Vosoughi 1
  • Asgar Safari 2
1 Assistant Professor of International Relation, University of Isfahan
2 PhD Student in International Relation, University of Guilan
چکیده [English]

In the last decade the world and regional great powers have started taking more notice of Central Asia. Interests and actions of these international actors have led to the formation of a competitive environment that is referred to as the new great game. The competitive environment results from the performance of internal and external mechanisms in Central Asia. In this competitive environment, Kazakhstan is among the countries that could by use of balanced approach, gain benefits from this competitive environment. Given the importance of Kazakhstan in Central Asia, other countries who play a role in Central Asia should cooperate with Kazakhstan. The aim of this study is to analyze the characteristics of Kazakhstan’s foreign policy and the platforms that this foreign policy can provide to further cooperation between Iran and China in Central Asia. The main question of study is: What are the main features of Kazakhstan’s foreign policy and how can these features affect the expansion of relations between Iran and China in Central Asia? Findings of study show that, realism, non-ideological, and the priority of economy are the main features of Kazakhstan foreign policy since Independence in central Asia. Due to these factors, security, energy and transportation are the three contexts that Kazakhstan could improve in order to further cooperation between Iran and china in central Asia. The research method is descriptive-analytic.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Central Asia
  • China
  • Economic Relations
  • Iran
  • Kazakhstan
  • Multi-Vector Foreign Policy
الف) فارسی

1. سنایی، مهدی و فاطمه عطری سنگری (1390)، «مقایسۀ تحلیلی سیاست خارجی ایران و روسیه در آسیای مرکزی»، مطالعات اوراسیای مرکزی، سال 4، شمارۀ 9، صص 38-21.

2. عطایی، فرهاد و اعظم شیبانی (1390)، «زمینه‌های همکاری ایران و روسیه در آسیای مرکزی در چارچوب ژئوپلیتیک»، مطالعاتاوراسیایمرکزی، سال 4، شمارۀ 8، صص 151-131.

 

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